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Vocabulary for Egypt through Gothic

 Egypt, Greece, Rome

ziggurat

pyramid

sphinx

pylons

obelisk

hypostyle hall

clerestory /clerestory lighting

colonnade

peristyle

portico

loggia

agora

stoa

arcade

cella or naos

trabeated architecture

arcuated architecture

"the orders" what they are and 7 elements that make up an order

entasis

triglyphs and metopes

tympanum

dentils

egg and dart

anthemion

palmette

Greek key of fret

bead and reel

Vitruvian scroll

guilloche

stylobate

shaft (as in a column)

capital

architrave

frieze

cornice

entablature

Mouldings

reeding

fluting

acanthus

caryatids

arch

cement/concrete

barrel vault

groin vault

dome

palmette

anthemion

thronos and solium

klismos

diphros and okladias

kline and lectus

sella curulis

mensae

refectory table

tripod table

lion monopodium

Greek cross plan

Byzantine Style

pendentives

mosaics

Hagia Sophia

 

Romanesque, Gothic

nave

aisle

atrium

vestibule/narthex

ambulatory

chancel

baldachin/baldacchino

transept and crossing

Basilican plan

pier

rib

triforium

flying buttress

pointed/ogee arch

tracery windows

5 key features of Gothic church architecture

 

 

Benefits of pointed arch over round arch as it relates to shape of vaulting bay as well as size and number of supporting elements. How does the Gothic support system differ from the Romanesque in terms of size and number of pier supports, size of vaulting bays and wall thickness?

 

 

tracery motif

dossier

settle

cupboard

joined furniture construction

linenfold

Romayne medallion

coffer chair

turned chair

trestle end stool/bench/table

prie-dieu

stiles

tilting chest

dresser/dressoir

livery/ambry cupboard

press/kast

tester bed

credence table

armoire/ambry

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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