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Vocabulary Baroque, Rococo and American Colonial

 

Italian Baroque

Protestant Reformation and the Counter Reformation

 

 

Six Characteristics of Italian (Roman Catholic) Church interiors and exteriors

1

 

2

 

3

 

4

 

5

 

6

 

 

Brancesco Borromini

 

 

 

 

Carlo Maderno

 

 

 

Gianlorenzo Bernini

 

c-Scrolls

 

s-Scrolls

 

Flemish scrolls

 

Baroque France: Louis XIV and Regence

Cardinal Mazarin



"
Team Versailles"

 

Berainesque arabesques and grotesques

 

Boulle Work

 

Daniel Marot

 

term leg/pillar leg

 

console/bracket stretchers

 

saltire stretchers

 

manchette

 

bureau semainier

 

Philippe, the Duke of Orleans

 

chinoiseries

 

singeries

 

espagnolettes

 

serpentine shape

 

bombe shape

English Baroque: Carolean, William & Mary, Queen Anne, Early Georgian

Carolean

monarchs associates with this style.

 

Where did Charles II spend his time in exile?

 

Grinling Gibbons

 

spiral turning

 

baluster turning

 

Turkey work

 

pendant handles

 

restoration chair (and how it changed in the later James II style)

 

floral marquetry

 

oystering

 

arabesque and seaweed marquetry

 

japanning

 

cross-banding

 

herringbone boarders

 

Flemish scroll

 

Dovetail Construction, (what it is, how it is different from mortise and tenon and how the change affected surface decoration)

 

William and Mary

umbrella leg

 

periwig chair

 

splat-back chair

 

hoop-back chair

 

cabriole leg

 

cloven hoof  foot

 

lowboy/dressing table

 

highboy/chest on stand

 

secretary bookcase/bureau bookcase

 

double hooded/ flat-arch top

 

Daniel Marot

 

knee hole desk

 

Queen Anne and Early Georgian

Sir Christopher Wren (Great Fire, new style for Protestant churchs, significants of St. Paulís Cathedral)

 

Palladian Style Architecture

 

Colen Campbell (Vitruvius Britannicus, 1715)

 

Richard Boyle (aka Lord Burlington)

 

William Kent

 

scrolled pedement

 

club/dutch foot

 

claw and ball foot

 

hairy paw/ shaggy paw foot

 

cockbeading

 

decorated Queen Anne Style


wing chair

 

reading-writing chair

 

porter/page Chair

 

chair-back setteee


slant-front secretary

double hooded top

tallboy/chest on stand

 

French Rococo: Louis XV

"rocaille work"

vernis Martin

gilded bronze mounts

French whorl foot

Spanish scroll foot

fauteuil

 

bergere

 

canape

 

chaise longue

 

duchesse

 

duchesse brisee

 

turquois

 

table a ouvrage

 

bureau plat

 

bureau a cylindre

 

bureau a pente

 

bonheur du jour

 

secretaire a abattant

 

commode

 

encoignure



sabots

 

Chippendale

The Gentleman and Cabinetmakerís Director

 

Copeland and Lock

 

ribbon back chair


Chippendale Settee


French/"Modern" Chippendale

 

Chinese Chippendale

 

Gothic Chippendale

 

lattice work

 

card cut fret work (solid or pierced)

 

brackets

 

cluster column legs

 

Marlborough leg

 

moulded plinth foot

 

pedestal tables including tripod Supper Tables, Silver Tables, Tea Tables

tilt-top tables with bird cage mechanism

 

pie-crust edge

 

pagoda motif

 

cupidís bow crest rail

 

American Colonial Styles

Early Colonial Architecture

 

Late Colonial Architecture

 

Early Georgian Architecture

 

Late Georgian Architecture

 

garrison style house

 

saltbox style house

 

Cape Cod style house

 

gabled roof

 

hipped roof

 

gambrel roof

 

shingles or shakes

 

clapboard

 

batten door

 

quions

 

Carver chair

 

Brewster chair

 

slat-back chair

 

banister back chair

 

pad foot

 

slipper foot

 

paintbrush foot

 

trifid or drake foot

 

block-front furniture (what is it, the originators and where they were from, what style was it applied to)

 

Hadley chest

 

Connecticut sunflower chest

 

butterfly table

 

rush seat

 

Difference between lowboy, highboy and tallboy

 

 

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