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Egypt, Greece, Rome, Romanesque, Gothic, Byzantine

www.tulane.edu/lester/text/lester.html  
www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/cas/fnart/arch/ www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/cas/fnart /HP/medieval.html
www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/cas/fnart /arch/romanesque.arch.html www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/cas/fnart/HP/medieval.html#architecture
   
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Time Line Egypt, Greece, Rome, Romanesque, Gothic, Byzantine
Period Country,  Style Date
Ancient  Egypt 3200 - 431 B.C.
Greece & Rome 2nd Century B.C. - 1st Century A.D.
Byzantine 350 A.D. - 1453 A.D.
Medieval  Romanesque in France & England 1000 - 1150/1200 A.D.
Gothic in France & England 1150 - 1400/1500 A.D.

A.    Summary Questions: Egypt

  1. What is the difference between a ziggurat and a pyramid?
  2. What is a hypostyle hall?
  3. What is a peristyle court?
  4. What is a colonnade?
  5. What is clerestory lighting?
  6. What is a sphinx?
  7. What is a pyramid?
  8. What is a pylon?
  9. What is an obelisk?
  10. What were common surface decorations on Egyptian furniture?
  11. What were common motifs found on Egyptian furniture?

  12.  
B.    Summary Questions: Greece & Rome
  1. What is the difference between trabeated and arcuated architecture?
  2. What are "classical orders"?
  3. Name the three Greek orders and the two orders added by the Romans.
  4. What is entasis?
  5. What are these order components?

  6.             base
                shaft
                capital
                architrave
                frieze
                cornice
                entablature
                pediment
  7. What are these motifs?

  8.             acanthus
                anthemion
                palmette
                fluting
                reeding
                volutes
                dentils
                egg & dart
                beed & reel
                guilloche
                fret or key
                Vitruvian scroll
                triglyph
                metopes
                caryatid
  9. What is a cella or naos?
  10. What building material made the Roman arch possible?
  11. What is "centering"?
  12. What is the difference between a barrel vault and a groin vault?
  13. Why are piers thinner between two vaults than the end wall of a vault?
  14. What is an acropolis?
  15. How did the location of Roman temples differ from that of Greek temples?
  16. What was significant about the form of the Pantheon?
  17. What is a coffered ceiling?
  18. What is an oculus?
  19. What is a kline or lectus?
  20. How does a diphros differ from an okladias?
  21. What is a sella curulis?
  22. What is a klismos?
  23. What is a mensae?
  24. What is a lion monopodium?
  25. What is a thronos or solium?
C.    Summary Questions: Byzantine, Romanesque and Gothic
  1. The Byzantine style was a combination of what styles?

  2. What are pendentives and what did they contribute to the Hagia Sophia?
    The Romanesque was a combination of what styles?
    Early Christian churches were based on the Roman basilica.  What aspect of that building type did they change and why?
    Describe these key elements of a Gothic church:
        atriuim
        vestibule/Narthex
        nave
        side aisles
        apse
        transcept
        crossing
        ambulatory
        chancel
  3. What were the benefits of the Gothic pointed arch over the Romanesque round arch in terms of ceiling heights and the size of the vaulting bays?
  4. How did the Gothic support system differ from the Romanesque in terms of size and number of pier supports and wall thickness?
  5. What are flying buttresses?
  6. What are tracery windows?
  7. What are these motifs?

  8.         roundels
            tracery
            linenfold
            ogee arch
            trefoil/quatrefoil
            heraldic devices
  9. What are these surface decorations?

  10.         chip carving
            fenestrations
            turning
  11. What is mortise and tenon construction?
  12. What is panel construction?
  13. What are these furniture forms?

  14.         coffer chair
            turned or thrown chair
            curule form chair
            joined stool
            settle
            tester bed
            prie dieu
            coffer
            credence
            dresser/dressoir
            livery cupboard
     
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